Comparative and superlative of adjectives

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(After you read the article try our exercises: Comparative     Superlative )


An adjective is a word that modifies a noun. An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb. Adjectives and adverbs describe other words (things). Both have two additional forms: A comparative form which compares two things, and a superlative form which compares three or more things. The following are examples of the rule mentioned earlier (using "big" as the adjective).

Comparative: The first house is bigger than the second (comparison of two objects)

Superlative: The first house is the biggest among the three (comparison of more than two objects)

The tricky part is to learn how to form the comparatives and superlatives of the adjectives. Have a look at the table in order to learn the rules.




Type of Adjective Comparative rule Superlative rule Example
adjective - comparative - superlative
Adjectives with one syllable, more than one vowel OR more than one consonant at the end. Add er at the end Add est at the end tall - taller - tallest
small - smaller - smallest
old - older - oldest
Adjective ends with e and has one syllable Add r Add st large - larger - largest
wide - wider - widest
nice - nicer - nicest
Adjective with one syllable, one vowel and one consonant at the end Double the last consonant, and add er Double the last consonant, and add est big- bigger - biggest
thin - thinner - thinnest
glad - gladder - gladdest
Adjective ending in Y with two syllables Change y to i, then add er Change y to i, then add est happy - happier - happiest
angry - angrier - angriest
crazy - crazier - craziest
Adjective Ending with -er, -le, or -ow with two syllables Add er Add est narrow - narrower - narrowest
gentle - gentler - gentlest
yellow - yellower - yellowest
simple - simpler - simplest
all other adjectives with two syllables Add the word more before the adjective Add the word most before the adjective interesting - more interesting - most interesting
beautiful - more beautiful - most beautiful


Exceptions:

adjectivecomparativesuperlative
badworseworst
goodbetterbest
littlelessleast
manymoremost
muchmoremost
farfarther/furtherfarthest/furthest


Start with our exercises: Comparative >>     Superlative >>



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