Adjectives in Spanish

Adjectives in Spanish agree with the gender and the number of the noun that they describe. Usually, this means that their endings change if the noun is feminine or plural.

The endings change in the following way:

Adjectives ending in "o" become "a" for feminine nouns, "os" for plural masculine nouns and "as" for plural feminine nouns:
    el perro blanco (the white dog)
    la casa blanca (the white house)
    los perros blancos (the white dogs)
    las casas blancas (the white houses)

Adjectives ending in "e" or "ista" do not change with gender, but they take an "s" in their plural form:
    el perro grande (the big dog)
    la casa grande (the big house)
    los perros grandes (the big dogs)
    las casas grandes (the big houses)

Most adjectives ending in a consonant, "í" or "ú" do not change with gender, but an "es" is added for the plural form:
    el juego fácil (the easy game)
    la pregunta fácil (the easy question)
    los juegos fáciles (the easy games)
    las preguntas fáciles (the easy questions)

    el hombre marroquí (the Moroccan man)
    la mujer marroquí (the Moroccan woman)
    los hombres marroquíes (the Moroccan men)
    las mujeres marroquíes (the Moroccan women)

Exception 1: Adjectives ending in the consonant "z" do not change with gender, but the "z" becomes "ces" in the plural:
    el hombre feliz (the happy man)
    la mujer feliz (the happy woman)
    los hombres felices (the happy men)
    las mujeres felices (the happy women)

Exception 2: For adjectives ending in "or", "ón" or "ín", add an "a" for feminine, "es" for masculine plural and "as" for feminine plural nouns:
    el hombre hablador (the talkative man)
    la mujer habladora (the talkative woman)
    los hombres habladores (the talkative men)
    las mujeres habladoras (the talkative women)

Adjectives in Spanish
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